Creating Your Own Training Program:
Before creating your Forklift Driver Evaluation Program, you should become familiar with the OSHA standard for powered industrial trucks which is contained in the Study Session provided by MyForkliftTruck.com. Certain information contained herein has been obtained by OSHA.
- Identify the types of powered industrial trucks in your workplace and those employees who will be required to operate the lift trucks
- Identify your training methods
- Develop the content for your training program
- Provide for employee evaluation
- Include refresher training
Information contained in the Study Session, along with a Forklift Driver Evaluation (in the field) training by you, the employer, are all you need to properly educate and instruct your forklift operators.
It is important to recognize that training, although essential, will not be enough to eliminate accidents. To be most effective, operator training should be part of a larger comprehensive powered industrial truck safety program provided by MyForkliftTruck.com that includes the following elements:
- Hazard identification and possible solutions
- Training and evaluation of operator competence
- Operating procedures
- Maintenance and repair procedures
- Facility design
- Lift truck selection criteria
Only trained and competent operators shall be permitted to operate a power industrial truck. All powered industrial truck operators must have in the field training by their employer.
What does the OSHA standard require?
The standard requires employers to develop and implement a training program based on the general principles of safe lift truck operation, the types of lift truck(s) being used in the workplace, the hazards of the workplace created using the lift truck(s), and the general safety requirements of the OSHA standard. Trained operators must know how to do the job properly and do it safely as demonstrated by workplace evaluation. Employers must also certify that each operator has received in the field training and evaluate each operator at least once every three (3) years. Prior to operating the lift truck in the workplace, the employer must evaluate the operator’s performance and determine the operator to be competent to operate a powered industrial lift truck safely. Refresher training is needed whenever an operator demonstrates a deficiency in the safe operation of the lift truck. Training shall consist of written material as provided by MyForkliftTruck.com and in the field training (demonstrations performed by the trainer and practical exercises performed by the trainee), and evaluation of the operator’s performance in the workplace.
Training Program Content:
Powered industrial lift truck operators shall receive initial training in the following topics by MyForkliftTruck.com except in topics which the employer can demonstrate are not applicable to safe operation of the lift truck in the employer’s workplace.
- Operating instructions, warnings, and precautions for the types of lift truck the operator will be authorized to operate.
- Differences between the lift truck and the automobile.
- Truck controls and instrumentation: where they are located, what they do, and how they work.
- Engine or motor operation.
- Steering and maneuvering.
- Visibility (including restrictions due to loading.)
- Fork and attachment adaptation, operation, and use limitations.
- Lift truck capacity.
- Lift truck stability.
- Any lift truck inspection and maintenance that the operator will be required to perform.
- Refueling and/or charging and recharging of batteries.
- Operating limitations.
- Surface conditions where the lift truck will be operated.
- Composition of loads to be carried and load stability.
- Load manipulations, stacking, and unstacking.
- Pedestrian traffic in areas where the lift truck will be operated.
- Narrow aisles and other restricted places where the lift truck will be operated.
- Hazardous (classified) locations where the lift truck will be operated.
- Ramps and other sloped surfaces that could affect the lift truck’s stability.
- Closed environments and other areas where insufficient ventilation or poor lift truck maintenance could cause a buildup of carbon monoxide or diesel exhaust.
- Other unique or potentially hazardous environmental conditions in the workplace that could affect safe operation.
If an operator was previously trained in one of these topics, and the training is appropriate to the lift truck and working conditions encountered, additional training on that topic is not required if the operator has been evaluated and found competent to operate the lift truck safely.
Trainees may operate a powered industrial truck only:
- Under the direct supervision of persons who have the knowledge, training, and experience to train operators and evaluate their competence.
- Where such operation does not endanger the trainee or other employees.
Refresher training, including an evaluation of the effectiveness of that training, shall be conducted to ensure that the operator has the knowledge and skills needed to operate the powered industrial truck safely. Refresher training in relevant topics shall be provided to the operator when:
- The operator has been observed to operate the lift truck in an unsafe manner.
- The operator has been involved in an accident or near-miss incident.
- The operator has received an evaluation that reveals the operator is not operating the lift truck safely.
- The operator is assigned to drive a different type of lift truck.
- A condition in the workplace changes in a manner that could affect safe operation of the lift truck.
Employer Training – WHERE does this NEED to go?