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To get a better idea of the types of test questions you’ll be answering today, scroll down for a very brief summary on how to safely operate an industrial lift truck, followed by a 10-question true or false practice quiz. This free quiz should take only a few minutes to complete and if you answer seven or more questions correctly, you are ready to read through the study session and take the online test.
- Unlike an automobile where the steering is in the front, steering a lift truck is in the rear, opposite an automobile. This allows the lift truck to make very sharp turns. Remember to turn slowly and allow the rear-end of the lift truck to swing wide and around the turn safely.
- Never turn on a grade. The lift truck may tip over laterally, even on a very small grade. Keep a safe distance from the edge of a ramp. When carrying a load, the load should point up the incline, regardless of the direction of travel.
- In case of a tip over, never jump from a lift truck. Seat belts are to be fastened during operation. Hold on to the steering wheel and brace for impact. Jumping from a lift truck could result in a serious accident or death.
- Always check the condition of the forks on a forklift. Most of the stress on a fork is at the bend when carrying a load, so protect the forks by not dragging them. Dragging forks cause unnecessary wear and tear on the metal which weakens the forks. Don’t push material around in a warehouse with the tips of the forks. Forks are for lifting only. Bent tips and uneven forks are evidence that the forks are being abused. Lower the forks slowly, with or without a load, to avoid hitting the ground too hard and causing unnecessary cracks in the forks.
- “Only loads within the rated capacity of a lift truck shall be handled,” according to OSHA Regulations. Data Plates provide information about the lift truck’s rated capacity. However, if the lift truck has been altered, the Data Plate needs to be updated. The most common alteration of a lift truck are special attachments installed onto the forks to extend the reach, clamp a barrel, act as a hoist, lift roles of carpet or lift people by attaching a personnel platform. Using an unapproved attachment could alter the lift truck’s rated capacity and cause the lift truck to tipover. Whenever an attachment is used that could affect the rated capacity or safe operation of a lift truck, its use must be approved by the lift truck manufacturer. The employer must mark on the lift truck to show the new weight with attachment. The maximum capacity at the highest elevation must also be shown on the Data Plate.
- Lift trucks that use gasoline or diesel are easy to refuel. However, fuel is very flammable, therefore, smoking should be prohibited in the designated refueling area.
- Leaving an “unattended” lift truck poses a danger to pedestrians in the workplace and company personnel. There is also the possibility of an unintended movement of the lift truck. A lift truck is considered “unattended” when the operator is 25 feet or more away from the lift truck even if it remains in view, or whenever the operator leaves the lift truck and it is not in view. To avoid accidents, loads should be fully lowered, controls shall be placed in neutral, power shut off and brakes set. If the lift truck is parked in an incline, the wheels shall be blocked.
- Cross railroad tracks diagonally wherever possible to avoid the wheels of a lift truck getting stuck.
- A properly equipped and designated battery charging area will have the following:
- No smoking signs
- Warning signs posted
- Adequate fire protection
- Ample and readily available water supply for flushing and neutralizing spilled electrolyte.
- An eyewash; able to provide a 15 minute flow.
- A phone in case of an emergency
- Adequate ventilation to avoid the build-up of hydrogen gas during battery charging.
- A fire extinquisher.
- Prior to the start of a work-shift, the operator of the lift truck should conduct a Pre-Shift/Operating Inspection Report which should be available to the operator by his/her employer. If during the inspection, the operator discovers a part or parts to be defective and the lift truck unsafe to operate, the problem has to be immediately reported to the Supervisor and remove the lift truck from service until repaired.
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Click HERE to take the Practice Quiz